Introduction and History
There are many ancient cities in Anatolia, bearing the names of the kings of the Hellenistic Selukos state. Being one of such, Pamphylia’s Seleukeia is located around 20 km. from Manavgat and 90 km. from Antalya. The road is asphalt, with the exclusion of the last section of 10 km. The city was founded in 3. cen-tury B.C. as an acropolis. The place of foundation of the city is the top of a hill surrounded by cliffs in three sides, which could be reached only from the south. The city center and agora are situated to the west of this hill.
During the period when Side was under the control of the pirates and the bandits, Seleukeia became the shelter for many intellectuals, artists and scientists of Side, and they continued their studies of art and science here. The only importance of the city, which had almost no commercial income, was that it was located at a strategic point and it had a good defense system. As this strategic importance disappeared in time, Seleukeia city became small and it eventually turned to ruins.