Although Selge was a city of “Psidia”, this was valid only for the administrative division. The populace of Selge always maintained hostile relations with their neighbors from Psidia. The city was founded by “Kalkhas”. Later, Spartans settled in here. Like Aspendos, the name of the city is not in Greek.
(The old names of Aspendos and Selge are Estwediyas and Estlegiyas, respectively, and these names are both of Luwi origin). The old coins minted in the city date back to 5. century B.C. Selge is located on the ancient road connecting the Central Anatolia to Aspendos. This location of Selge had made its populace become warrior merchants. Having an unproductive land suitable for only defense, the populace of Selge attacked for many years the surrounding cities, especially the wealthy cities on the shore line and imposed taxes on these.
In Persian period, Selge lived as a trade city, which was under the control of the Persian, but it had some privileges. Selge, who showed tenderness towards Alexander the Great guided him in his journey towards the north During the years after Alexander, Selge continued its life with no concession from its independence. They maintained their independence also in Roman period, by making agreements with them. Especially, they never changed their language. The historian Strabon mentions the populace of Selge as interesting people, and he explains that it was possible to encounter a person from Serge in every corner of Anatolia, due to the fact that they traveled so much. The ointments which the people of Selge prepared using the “Cedar” (Cedrus Libanotica) and “Günlük” (liquid- ambar oriantalae) trees, and also the plant “süsen” had a very important state in the medicine and cosmetology of their time. The remains of the city of Selge spread over three different hills.